Starting a General Partnership in Cameroon

I have been talking a lot about limited liability companies and sole proprietorship. Though these are the most common business types you can find in Cameroon, they are not the only types. We also have partnerships (limited and general partnerships), non-profit organizations, etc.

Today, let’s talk about partnerships and what the Foundation for a United Business Law in Africa (French acronym, OHADA) has to say about it. There are two types of partnerships in Cameroon – general and limited partnerships. I will start with general partnerships for today.

General partnership

According to OHADA, it’s a business entity where all partners are merchant and are jointly, indefinitely and severally liable for the debts of the business. This means all partners are liable for the debts or damages of the business indefinitely (the debt continues forever until it is paid).

Simply put, it is a business whereby two or more people agree to share in the investment, financial, profits and legal liabilities of the business. Just like a sole-proprietorship which has unlimited liability, partners in a general partnership agree to unlimited liability.

They contrast with limited companies where the liability of the owners are limited to the amount they have invested in the business. This means the business entity is separate from the owners.

General partnership name

Every business has to provide a name during incorporation for administrative purposes, as well as to let people know the business. A general partnership is incorporated in the name of one or more partners. The chosen partnership name should be followed by the word “partnership” or abbreviated “P” in very clear characters.

Characteristics of a general partnership

  • Must have at least two people as partners
  • All partners must have unlimited liability – that is, they must agree to be jointly and severally liable to any liability incurred by the partnership
  • All partnership must have a formal written partnership agreement

In some countries, oral partnership agreement is valid. However in Cameroon, the law requires that there be a written agreement between the partners who want to form a partnership. This is done with the unanimous consent of all partners involved.

How the capital of a general partnership is shared

The stated capital of a general partnership is divided into partnership interests. With same nominal value, the partnership interests are assigned only with the unanimous consent of all partners, without which, it is considered null. The assignment of the partnership interests must be put formally in writing.

Let’s take a break here for today. Tomorrow, I will tell you more on general partnership management and dissolution. From there, we will check on limited partnerships.

For those who didn’t have time to read my yesterday’s post, “children who eat in the neighbor’s house grow like them”, make sure you do so now. You will find out how that statement by a grandma inspired one entrepreneur to start an instant baby cereal product.

Was this post helpful?

If yes, make sure you share with others. Sharing is caring!

If you plan to incorporate a business in Cameroon, don’t hesitate to get in touch with us below. We also carry out business plan development services, web design, social media marketing, bookkeeping and accounting services, content writing and other digital marketing services.

Start, run and grow your business in Cameroon with OpenHub Digital!

I may keep you informed in my Saturday 4pm newsletters. If you’ve not yet subscribed for that newsletter, make sure you do so. It’s very rich with information for you to start, run and grow your business in Cameroon.

Subscribe on my Saturday 4pm Substack Newsletter for important business tips.

One thought on “Starting a General Partnership in Cameroon

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *